Cervical Cancer: Risks and Prevention

Taking care of your body and your health is not just about diet and exercise. Proper OBGYN doctor checkups can mean the difference between catching and treating something serious early to finding out health issues down the road when it could be too late.

Cervical cancer ranks as the fourth most common malignant cancer for women worldwide.[1] Scientists and medical professionals in the United States have studied growing statistics and methods of prevention for women with cervical cancer.

In recent years, the number of cases in the US has significantly dropped from 2000 to 2015. This is a result of OBGYNs, like Dr. Rodney Hill in Youngstown, OH, providing cervical cancer screenings for women across the nation. Yearly screening for women aged 21-65 has proved to be beneficial in detecting early signs of the cancer. [2]

How to Know if You’re at Risk

Risk Factors:

  • Chronic infection or infection of HPV
  • A history of sexually transmitted infections
  • Compromised immune system
  • Multiple sexual partners or a high-risk sexual partner
  • You’ve had previous treatment of a low or high-grade precancerous legion

 

Race/Ethnicity and Geography Affects Your Risk

The overall mortality rate within African American women is more than twice the rate among white women, 10.1 per 100,000 women. Research has shown that Hispanic women have a higher rate of incidence with cervical cancer and a slightly greater mortality rate. American Indian/Alaska Native women are also at a higher rate of developing cervical cancer than the US average. [2]

Higher rates of the cancer are believed to stem from health conditions certain women develop or the location of where they live. Maintaining a strict regimen for yourself to schedule a screening every one to three years can make the difference.

 

Methods of Prevention

Screening

To lessen the chances of cervical cancer, women are encouraged to receive a screening every one to three years starting at the age of 21. Attending yearly checkups with your gynecologist is another way to ensure you are thoroughly checking for any issues.

 

HPV Vaccine

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Council also recommends getting an HPV vaccine. Two doses are given to girls and boys 9-14 years old while three doses are needed for ages 15-26. [2] This is something that can be scheduled with your family doctor. Screenings are still recommended regardless of having received the HPV vaccine.

If you feel that you are at high risk or would like to schedule a cervical cancer screening, contact Dr. Hill, OB/GYN’s office, in Youngstown, Ohio. If you have any questions or concerns regarding cervical cancer or general health questions, fill out a contact form or call today: https://www.aiwhealth.com/contact/ .

 

References

  1. Cohen, P.A., Denny, L., Jhingran, A., & Oaknin, A. (2019). Cervical Cancer. The Lancet,(393)10167, 161-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32470-X

 

  1. US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Cervical Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. 2018;320(7):674–686. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10897

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