This is when doctors use medication or other methods to induce (bring on) labor. Induction causes the cervix to open (dilate) and thin out (efface) so to allow the baby to be delivered. Not everyone can be induced. Situations in which induction is not possible include: you have placenta previa (the placenta lies very low in the uterus, so the opening of the uterus is now covered); the baby is lying in a transverse position (lying across the uterus instead of head down); the umbilical cord has prolapsed (dropped down in the vagina before the baby); or, you’ve had some type of surgery on your uterus.
Your Obstetrician will determine if you are a good candidate for induction. This depends on your health, the baby's risk, how far along you are and when you are due.
Reasons for induction include your pregnancy is postterm (more than 42 weeks); you have high blood pressure caused by pregnancy; you have an infection in your uterus (chorioamnionitis); you have abruption placenta (meaning the placenta has started to separate from the inner wall of the uterus); or, you have premature rupture of membranes (water broke).