A gynecological treatment that freezes a section of the cervix. Cryosurgery is most often done to destroy abnormal cervical cells that show changes that may lead to cancer. These changes are called precancerous cells. Cryosurgery is only done after a colposcopy has confirmed the presence of abnormal cells on the cervix. Cryosurgeries are performed in your doctor's office. The OBGYN doctor uses a special instrument called a cryo probe. During cryosurgery, the cyro probe is inserted into your vagina until it firmly covers the abnormal tissue of the cervix. Next, liquid nitrogen begins to flow through the cryo probe at a temperature of approximately -50 degrees Celsius, causing the probe to freeze your cervix and destroying any abnormal tissue. The probe freezes the cervix for 3 minutes and then lets the cervix thaw, and then repeats the process. During the procedure, you may experience some cramping. After the procedure, you are able to return to normal activity.
Note: For the first two to three weeks after the procedure, it is normal to experience a watery discharge. This is caused by the dead cells falling off the cervix. No tampons, no douches and no sexual intercourse until you see the doctor again. Your doctor will see you back in two weeks for a follow up on the healing of your cervix. Contact your doctor’s office if you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, fever, foul smell, yellow vaginal discharge or an increase in pelvic pain.