Caused by bacteria and is one of the most common STDs in the U.S., chlamydia is spread by having vaginal or anal sex and by mouth. This bacteria is easily treated with an antibiotic, but they must be taken exactly as prescribed and your sex partner must be treated too. If your partner does not get treated, you can infect yourself again. Many people do not know they are infected with the bacteria. Diagnosing chlamydia can only be done at your doctor’s office. There, your OBGYN can take a sample swab and send it to a lab. Some places can even check it through urine samples. Some symptoms of chlamydia are: abnormal discharge, pain during urination, an urge to urinate more than usual, pain during sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, spotting between periods, nausea or fever. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause some serious issues for women. Bacteria grows in the cervix and could spread to your fallopian tubes and ovaries. If still untreated, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and serious damage to your reproductive organs. Possible consequences include infertility, a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus) and chronic pelvic pain. Pregnant women with chlamydia who give birth can infect their new born child and can give their child many health complications, including severe eye and lung infections.
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